Complete Guide to Survival First Aid

First Aid For Anyone

Medical emergencies come up all the time. From common cuts and scrapes to broken bones and severe injuries, having the right first aid supplies on hand can make a huge difference.

Experience: I'm Hooked!!

When I was a kid I joined my fellow Scouts on an overnighter in Montana. We visited a high mountain lake and set up camp. That evening we pulled out the rods and tackle and started fishing.

All of a sudden one of the guys hollered out, "Help! I'm hooked." He had done something and had his finger pierced by one of the fishing hooks. It was embedded deep in the flesh with the point poking out the other side. Even the barb was deep inside of the skin.

Our Scout Master came to the rescue. He calmly said, "you're not going to like this but we need to keep pushing the hook through until the barb comes out the other side."

We watched as he took out his first aid kit and prepped the site of the wound with antiseptic pads. He pushed the hook through the flesh in a curved motion to minimize the impact to the damaged flesh. The tip came out the other side until the barb pushed through. He pulled out his multi-tool and clipped off the hook just below the barb. Then he pulled the hook back out going the other direction. He put some anti-bacterial ointment on the wounds and bandaged and taped it up.

He later explained that if they had just pulled the hook out the barb would have really destroy a lot of muscle and skin. Clipping off the portion with the barb made the exit smooth and minimized the wound size.

In this article we explore and recommend the best first aid kits, first aid supplies and first aid training resources currently on the market. We strongly urge you to equip your home, vehicles, places of work, school, and worship with the right kit so you can be ready at a moment's notice. We also strongly urge you to get some professional training so you know how to diagnose and treat ailments well enough to transfer someone to the pros. 

Besides having the right supplies, knowing how to use them properly can make a bad situation better very quickly. Let's get started!

First Aid Kits

There are many options for first aid kits. A quick search online shows hundreds of kits of all shapes and sizes. How do you know which one to choose? What supplies should be inside? Here are some of the options we like.

Our first aid kit checklist highlights the recommended supplies at each stage.

Basic First Aid Kits

Basic first aid kits include supplies to handle common cuts, scrapes, and mild pain. They include small bandages, gauze, pain medication tablets, disinfectants, etc.

Basic kits are perfect for adding to a purse or coat pocket. They come in small zippable pouches They're great for stopping mild bleeding, etc.

Standard First Aid Kits

A standard first aid kit usually has a few hundred pieces of first aid supplies. In addition to the basic kit you'll find various tapes, larger bandages and pads, antiseptics, wraps, and medications. They come in molle pouches, clam-shell cases or pouches.

These kits are still focused on very basic emergencies. They are super handy for a majority of incidents.

Expanded First Aid Kits

An expanded first aid kit has items like pressure bandages, tourniquets, irrigation syringes, splints, chest seals, and more. It's intended for people with a bit more technical training. Few events at home require these types of resources. Sporting events, outdoor adventures, shooting incidents may require items and training like this.

Trauma Kit

A trauma kit is full of advanced gear and supplies. Neck braces, sprints, pressure cuffs, airway accessories, suture kits, etc. compliment a kit this advanced.

Refillable Supplies

There are first aid kits that are more of supply refills. They contain many of each item so someone can restock an existing first aid kit. They may have medicines, bandages, pads, gauze, etc. to replenish depleted stock.

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First Aid Kit - Compact

Standard, Portable IFAK First Aid Kit

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20 10 27 09 57 46 original 600x600 tactical full

First Aid Kit - Tactical

Tactical, Portable IFAK First Aid Kit

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First Aid Kit - EDC

Personal Everyday Carry IFAK First Aid Kit

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Trauma Kit - Large

Advanced First Aid Gear and Supplies

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First Aid Medication Packets

First aid kit medicine packet refills

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Choosing a First Aid Kit

The level of first aid kit you should acquire should match your first aid training. You should know how to use every item in your kit. You should know how diagnose when to use something and how to apply it correctly. First aid professionals will tell you that using first aid gear incorrectly can make a situation much worse.

Experience: Allergic Reaction

We know a family with a son who is allergic to many different things. Some allergies are life-threatening. A brush with peanuts was nearly disasterous.

One time they were on vacation on a scenic tour. The boy started struggling to breathe. The mom looked around to see if he had touched or ingested something. He started to break out in hives on his hand and it started to swell. 

She knew what to do. They carry an Epipen everywhere they go. She used it and minutes later the emergency was over and he was relaxed.

Later they say a boy with a bag of peanuts. He had likely touched a handle her son touched later.

Some situations require specialized first aid supplies.

We recommend you have on hand the first aid supplies and kits that match your experience and training. Here's how to choose:

  1. Location - Consider where you'll be and what resources are available there. Emergencies while sitting in church will likely be different than an emergency an athlete may experience. An emergency in the outdoors requires supplies on hand since it can be hard to get to a hospital.
  2. People - Who are you responsible for? who else is with you? will anyone else have medical experience?
  3. Training - How much first aid training do you have? You need to know how to correctly use the supplies in any kit you choose.
  4. Mobility - Do you need to carry your first aid kit with you? or should it be stationary and mounted to a wall?

If in doubt, buy a first aid kit with more supplies than you know how to use. Once you receive the kit, do some research or ask a medical professional to get additional training. More preparedness is always better.

First Aid Kit Levels

We don't all have the same emergency or first aid experience and training. We recommend you get as much as you can. You never know when you might need it.

Experience: Traumatic Head Injury

A couple of years ago I took my son to ball practice. As we got out of the car, we saw the grandmother of one of the teammates slip on the ice and go down HARD. I knew she was hurt the second her head hit the pavement. I slowed my son down so we didn't have multiple injuries to worry about.

As I got to her I felt my eyes grow wide. Blood seeped from her mouth and she wasn't breathing. It was the biggest gut check! Do you know what to do?

Years of training in the Boy Scouts as a boy and leader gave me just enough information to walk through the right steps. My heart was pounding and the adrenaline was coursing.

Step 1 - Yell for help!!!

Step 2 - Assess the injuries

Step 3 - Work on each need based on priority – We gotta get her breathing again!!

Within minutes we had a group of people chipping in and bringing necessary gear. 911 was on the way, she was breathing, and a pile of blankets insulated her from the cold. We gave her the best chance possible.

The ambulance arrived and the pros took over – thank goodness!!!

Fast forward a few years later – grandma is still attending basketball games.

Occasionally, I’m haunted by what could have been. A little training and the right gear made ALL THE DIFFERENCE.

Knowing what to do is critical. The pros are willing to train people. In the Scout program we had EMTs, doctors, fire fighters, and others volunteer time to train the boys. They want as many people trained as possible to make their job easier.

Here are the general levels you might find yourself in:

Level 0 - First aid Rookie

A first aid rookie can tackle the very basic first aid. They may know how to apply a Band Aid to a simple cut, recommend Asprin for a head ache, or clean a scrape.

Level 1 - Boy Scout

We recommend that everyone gets trained to the level of a Boy Scout. Scouts are trained on using basic to standard first aid supplies and diagnosing and resolving many of the most common first aid incidents.

They can typically stop mild to moderate bleeding, help someone start breathing again, prepare a splint or sling for a broken limb or sprained joint, and more. They have life-essential skills and can walk through processes to narrow down a problem and administer the appropriate aid.

Level 2 - Military/Police

Military basic training adds a level of skills focused on the traumas experienced in the field. They are equiped to treat gunshot wounds, concussion injuries, explosion injuries and other war-time injuries.

Most civilians won't spend the time to gain the skills needed for this level of first aid. Really, it's not required for most situations.

Level 3 - Doctors/EMTs

Medical professionals are the elite in first aid training. They go to school for years to learn how to repair the human body. We love our doctors and emergency first responders.

It's likely you and I will never get to this level of first aid skill. While we should always be learning, we won't acquire a college degree.

Choose Your First Aid Kit Based on Your Training

Choose a first aid kit that matches your level of training. All of us should be as prepared as Boy Scouts. We should know how to diagnose and treat common injuries and illnesses. Buy first aid supplies to support these skills.

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Survival Medical Guide

Critical first aid field guide for survival situations

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Survival Handbook

Layman's survival field guide for emergencies

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Recommended First Aid Supplies

As a former Boy Scout Master we interacted with EMTs, Firemen, CPR certifiers, emergency room doctors, surgeons, and more. We trained boys on basic first aid, survival first aid, and how to use supplies, etc.

Over the years we've come up with a recommened survival system for emergency survival. The system consists of 4 Stages. The first two stages are focused on personal survival gear and supplies while the last two are focused on household or community gear and supplies. Each Stage has the recommended first aid checklist based on necessity, weight, and activity. 

Survival System

For emergency preparedness we recommend setting up a survival system. Part of the system includes essential first aid supplies.

Stage 1: Essentials

We recommend everyone carries the basic essentials on daily activities. Homes and vehicles should all have first aid supplies. At least, we should be able to treat cuts, scrapes, small breaks, etc. Some people should carry supplies as advanced as bleed stop, a tourniquet, etc. 

Stage 2: Go-Bags

In case of evacuation, Go-Bags should contain mid-level supplies. An evacuation may mean you don't have direct access to a hospital or treatment center so we should be pretty self reliant.

You should carry additional items when we venture away from civilization. We should be able to treat any injuries or illness enough to get home. We should get a little extra training as well.

Stage 3: House Kit (for Home and Family)

In most communities we have access to medical services via 911. However, some injuries can be more urgent. Significant bleeding injuries, neck injuries, head injuries, poisonings, etc. may all require immediate first aid while the professionals are on the way. We should be ready.

Stage 4: Bulk Supplies and Equipment

We recommend having food storage, extra toiletries, and equipment (i.e. generator) for shelter-at-home situations. Having robust, long term first aid is crutial if you don't have access to critical care.

The Goal of the Staged Approach

The goal in emergency preparedness is to always have the right gear and supplies on hand depending on your situation. When you're away from home you often don't have ready access to common items you might have at home. You also may not have the ability to carry a lot of weight and bulk. 

A staged approach lets you carry the maximum possible without overdoing it for the situation.

How to Get Started

In this article we've leared there are a number of first aid kit options, recommended supplies, etc. So, how do you get started? How do you build up the supplies? We have some recommendations. Start here:

Essentials First Aid Kit

Start by investing in the basics and the essentials. You should be able to treat a majority of the common injuries and illnesses. Consider these first aid kits that have well rounded supplies for any home or setting.

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First Aid Kit - Compact

Standard, Portable IFAK First Aid Kit

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20 10 27 09 57 46 original 600x600 tactical full

First Aid Kit - Tactical

Tactical, Portable IFAK First Aid Kit

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First Aid Enhancements

Enhance the essentials with a few specialty items and learn how to use them. Add a tourniquet, pressure bandages, compression gause, etc.

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First Aid Kit - EDC

Personal Everyday Carry IFAK First Aid Kit

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20 10 27 03 55 03 original 600x600 first aid kit   50 person

First Aid Kit - 50 Person

Standard, Portable 50-Person First Aid Kit - Hard Case

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First Aid Kit - OSHA Compliant

Standard, Portable IFAK First Aid Kit - Hard Case

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First Aid Kit - 100 Person

Standard, Portable 100-Person First Aid Kit - Hard Case

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Trauma Kit

Supplement your standard first aid supplies with a trauma kit. Many of the items in this kit would never be used in normal circumstances because 911 first responders are specifically trained for situations that require this type of gear. However, there are times when EMTs and other professionals are overwhelmed and unavailable. In an evacuation setting, a kit like this could be lifesaving.

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Trauma Kit - Small

Advanced First Aid Gear and Supplies

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20 10 27 16 39 27 original 600x600 trauma kit   large

Trauma Kit - Large

Advanced First Aid Gear and Supplies

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First Aid Training

Using first aid supplies inappropriately can make a situation worse. It's possible to introduce infection, make bleeding worse, make a break worse, etc.

False Information: Chest Vent

I recently read a story about people who carry devices for puncturing the chest cavity in rare situations when a lung collapses (i.e. an auto accident). In theory, the devices let the chest cavity vent so internal pressures don't push in on the lung.

The issue is that the device rarely works and can make things much worse because you're actually opening up the body to infection when it may be unnecessary. Many professionals refuse to use them. There are other ways to achieve the desired result but they require hospital level equipment.

It can be a very bad idea to try something on someone without the proper training.

Train Like a Boy Scout

Get trained to use your first aid kits. We recommend educating yourself to the minimal level of Boy Scouts. They are required to pass off the First Aid Merit Badge as part of their highest honor of Eagle Scout. They learn to:

  1. Do CPR
  2. Treat burns
  3. Stop simple to moderate bleeding
  4. Immobilize breaks and joint injuries
  5. Relocate injured victims
  6. Restore breathing
  7. More...

Get CPR Trained and Certified

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest.

Most communities have CPR training resources. Fire departments, hospitals, clinics, EMTs, etc are often willing to train groups. Often they will dedicate time to certify individuals or groups.

Get C.E.R.T Trained

Many communities have C.E.R.T trained emergency preparation organizations. They'll meet with groups to train them on how to help first responders in an emergency situation. The are very willing to share their info. They want to multiply the number of people who can help when disaster hits.

20 11 06 09 18 09 original 600x600 survival medical guide

Survival Medical Guide

Critical first aid field guide for survival situations

Buy on Amazon
20 11 06 09 08 00 original 600x600 survival handbook

Survival Handbook

Layman's survival field guide for emergencies

Buy on Amazon

Training

We recommend everyone get CPR trained.

Online CPR Training - Red Cross

First Aid Supplies and Regular Training

Every household, vehicle, workplace, etc should have first aid supplies and people who know how to use them correctly. Emergencies happen all the time. While we can rely on professionals for the serious situations we should be prepared for times when they might be overwhelmed or unavailable.

Start right away by buying the essentials and getting trained. Keep learning and enhance your supplies over time.

We hope you're ready when the time comes. You and the ones you care for deserve it.

 

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