In 2018 the Camp Fire wildfire burned through more than 150,000 acres in California. Homes were burned, lives were lost, and $16.5 billion in damages were recorded. The fire started with a faulty electrical line. Many residents were driven from their homes and forced to relocate permanently. Businesses were lost and entire neighborhoods were displaced.
Experience: Interviewing a Wildfire Survivor
We interviewed a family who was forced to flee the Camp Fire and relocate. They lost their home and business to the fire and have had to rebuild from scratch. Here's what we learned:
- Evacuation came quickly once they realized the fire couldn't be stopped
- They could only take what could fit in their vehicles
- While they had emergency kits they wished they would have had more ready to go
- Grabbing documents and valuables from all over the house is harder than it seem
- Having a plan reduces the stress tremendously
Each year many states fight wildfires triggered by natural or manmade causes. It's important to be prepared to evacuate at a moment's notice.
Often victims of a wildfire have a bit of a warning before they must evacuate. However, that's not always the case. In either situation, it can be caotic trying to gather necessary gear, clothing, documents, equipment, etc. before leaving home. The key is to have a bunch of it ready to go and a preparedness plan in place. Everyone in the household should be trained with the plan and know what to do.
Our family spends one night per year going over our plan. We make adjustments and talk through the events. They have to figure out how to get home, what gear to grab, who to check on, and where we're supposed to go if evacuated. Sometimes they are injured in the scenario so they have to care for each other. We joke around a bit while we do it but it paints a clear picture and helps us all make decisions for a real-life event.
We live in northern Idaho in the middle of the forest. Wildfires happen every year within a short distance of our home. This year fires burned less than 15 miles from our home.
We recommend you create a plan and review it with your household includings a scenario they may face. Also, acquire the gear needed to survive a wildfire.
Emergency Plan (ready.gov)
Emergency Contact Info (ready.gov)
Emergency Plan for Schools (ready.gov)
Consider the following list of activities for surviving a wildfire - customize as needed. Here's what to do to escape a wildfire:
What to do if the threat is immediate:
Experience: Ed Pulaski
In 1910 Ed Pulaski saved dozens of men by directing them into an abandoned mine. They lay prone while the fire raged and smoke filled the air. Most of the men were saved because of his quick decision.
What to do if you have some time:
Download the evacuation checklist so you're ready to grab and go if an emergency strikes.Evacuation Checklist
We're going to assume you have your go-bag, survival kit system, and other standard gear ready to go. This section focuses on specific, extra or alternate gear you need for a wildfire. We have tested, researched or been instructed to recommend the gear below. Feel free to customize if something doesn't fit your needs.
Consider the following list of specific, additional or alternate gear and supplies for surviving a wildfire - customize as needed:
Keep a fire extinguisher next to any fire source. Keep one in the kitchen and one near a fire place.
An ABC extinguisher effectively puts out Class A, B, and C fires and is a popular choice for offices, warehouses, and homes. Steel cylinders and all-metal valves make these rugged, dependable extinguishers. They are easy to maintain and service, making them an economical choice too.
In many emergencies (i.e. house fire) active utilities can make the situation much worse. A spark free valve wrench is needed to shut off gas lines, water pipes, etc. It's also designed to break through doors and other obstructions as well as dig through debris.
The wrench won't rust or spark.
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3 Most reviews are based on personal experience from one of our content editors. Some are based on research and the opinions of other reviewers.