A Radiological Dispersion Device, or RDD, is the combination of radioactive material and explosive devices. These are ideal weapons for terrorists and extremist groups to strike fear into the hearts of their targets - while destroying that which they love.
History - Chechen Separatists
In 1995, a group of Chechen separatists buried a caesium-137 source they had wrapped in explosives in Izmaylovsky Park in Moscow. Thankfully, the bomb was never activated, and all in all, the event was nothing more than a publicity stunt.
The U.S. Employs numerous professionals who have the training and equipment to detect any Radiological Dispersion Devices that may be used in the United States.
Since there is no way to know when a Radiological Dispersion Device will be used, it's crucial that you plan ahead, and are prepared for anything.
If you believe someone you know is planning an attack involving a Radiological Dispersion Device, do not hesitate to alert the proper authorities. Signs that someone is planning a terrorist attack include:
Contact the authorities with all information you have, and act on your suspicions. If you see something, say something.
If you have no prior knowledge of a Radiological Dispersion Device event and still want to keep your family safe, the best thing to do is keep an eye on the news. Get your information from reliable sources.
Do your research on if any of the public buildings in your community are designed to be used as fallout shelters - if there are no potential fallout shelter spots, make a list of other places that could be used. Good places to take shelter include basements, tunnels, subways, and windowless areas in the center of middle floors in buildings.
It is always a good idea to have a proper shelter built right into your home - if you have a basement, consider turning it, or at least a section of it, into a shelter to protect yourself and your family from Radiological Dispersion Device events.
To assemble your own shelter, gather the following materials.
You should place heavy materials around the walls of your fallout shelter - the more objects between you and the radiation, the better.
It's also important that your shelter is well-stocked with non-perishable food items and water to sustain you, your family, and your pets for as long as weeks at a time.
Do not collect and consume any food or drinks that were outside of your home or potentially exposed to radiation during a Radiological Dispersion Device event. It is always better to be safe than sorry.
If you do not have a basement, there is no reason to panic. Your main goal when building a fallout shelter is to assemble it out of concrete, brick, or lead. Wood and other types of softer materials will not be as effective in protecting you from radiation.
If your shelter is above-ground, choose a sturdy building with windowless rooms in its center. Get as low as possible, and follow instructions given by authorities. Until you receive orders, use common sense to assess the level of danger and follow your own emergency activity plan.
You will notice the explosive blast that a Radiological Dispersion Device will cause immediately - the only danger you will not be able to sense is the radiation. Trained professionals will arrive to assess the situation. And even before they do, it's crucial that you get out of the area.
If the explosion takes place inside, get out of the building and seek shelter in another building. Once you are safe in another building, take the following precautions.
If you are outside when an attack occurs, there will not be a lot of time to seek shelter. Act quickly.
After the initial emergency has passed, it's important that you continue to take steps to stay safe. Once you have found shelter, it's important that all members of your party decontaminate themselves immediately.
Emergency Plan (ready.gov)
Emergency Contact Info (ready.gov)
Emergency Plan for Schools (ready.gov)
The gear you'll need to survive. The gear you'll need for evacuation is exactly the same as what you might need when you're staying home to weather out the storm.
Keeping an emergency kit at the ready in your home is a huge part of being ready for any disaster - keep your kit up to date and make sure everything inside stays relevant to your family.
Feel free to adjust your kit to fit your needs - and avoid panic-buying and hoarding when building your kit. Try to keep it either on your person or in your fallout shelter.
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